Blenheim 2004
Wargaming the 300th Year Anniversary 

Maximillian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
and the Franco Bavarian Left Flank

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The Army of Prince Maximilian II Emanuel Wittelsbach
Elector of Bavaria 
 The Wittelsbach principality of Bavaria had been the center of the Catholic League during the Thirty Years War. Although a state of the Holy Roman Empire whose elevation to the electoral dignity during the early stages of the war provoked anger and fear among the Protestant princes, Bavaria's "League" armies often rivaled the size and importance of those of the Holy Roman Empire itself.

By the turn of the century, Elector Ma Emmanuel II, also known as "The Blue King" for the Willelsbach blue of his infantry uniforms, was an experienced and renowned soldier. He had led one of the more important contingents to the relief of Vienna from the Turks in 1683 and fought through the subsequent Turkenkrieg. Again, in the War of the League of Augsburg he had supported the Holy Roman Empire against France. However, by the War of the Spanish Succession Max had been won over to the French Side. He was one of the few Princes, certainly the most important one, to support the claim of Philip of Anjou, nephew of Louis XIV, to the Spanish throne. At one time, in fact, a Wittelsbach Prince Joseph Ferdinand had been agreed on by the major powers as heir to the Spanish throne. Unfortunately, for the millions who would be inconvenienced by the War, Joseph Ferdinand predeceased Charles of Spain.

From Wargaming in the Age of Marlborough #2 Danes, Bavarians and Prussians, by Pat Condray.

French Battalions, "En Crochet" Twelve French battalions, under the command of the Marquis du Rosel, deployed in the wood line in a hook shape (en crochet) to conform to the wood line on the high ground of the French left. Seen approaching in the distance are the Danish battalions that eventually repulsed them.
See Maximillian Photo Page 1
Twelve 12lb Artillery Batteries were deployed in front of this line (seen here from the Danish position) and also along the base of the hook that extended in two lines across the front of Lutzingen, which is not on the battlefield. These are represented in the game by 3 stands of medium guns.
See Maximillian Photo Page 1
French Medium Guns pose a formidable obstacle to the Danes who must advance into them to assault the French position in the wood line.
See Maximillian Photo Page 1
Bavarian Battalions are immediately to the right of the French positions, 12 battalions under the command of the Count de Maffei. These are lined up opposite the Prussian Battalions. 
See Maximillian Photo Page 2
Bavarian Regimental Artillery was, according to Rothenberg, larger than most army's regimental pieces, as 6 lbers. However, most of Bavaria's 6lb artillery pieces was captured at Schellenberg, so speculatively, we have assigned 4lb (from the French) light guns, 12 pieces (or 3 stands) to defend the front of the Bavarian army.
See Maximillian Photo Page 2
Bavarian Horse The Franco Bavarian horse on the left flank at Blenheim was under the overall command of the Count d'Arco. The Bavarian contingent of 23 squadrons were under the command of General Von Wolframsdorff.
See Maximillian Photo Page 2
French Horse. The French 48 squadrons were divided into two lines, but as we did with the Imperial Horse opposite them, we group these into a left and right contingent. The right contingent was not on this table segment and will appear as the left wing command on the center table. The reason we divide them in this manner is to place each command in the hands of a player that will have some figures to game with, rather than being stuck in the second line
See Maximillian Photo Page 3
French Officers are shown in this view behind the left flan - no doubt discussing their impending victory.
See Maximillian Photo Page 3
The Game Table.

This is the projected game table, each square representing 1 square foot.

Click on the map for a full size image.

Bavarian Grenadier Guard
Converted figures by Ian Croxall - Salem Oregon
Complete Orders of Battle

On the Franco Bavarian left, Maximilian's army of 23 squadrons and 12 battalions was combined with french units from Marxhall Marsin's army.

Select the image for a larger picture and description of the forces involved.

Hoffman Plate
Maximilian II


Although the commands are based on historical divisions in the army, we have made a few changes to the layout in order to make the game more player friendly.

Those wishing a full historical listing, the complete historical OOB as well as a detailed, easy to read description of the battle would be well advised to obtain a copy if Iain Stanford's essay on the battle - available from the Pike and Shot Society

Marlborough Goes to War

The reader will note that many commands consist of an entire line under one General, the second under another, and so - on. Unfortunately, this can lead to a dull game for the player commanding the 4th line for example. We solve that by dividing commands up so that player controls part of a line but both the 1st and 2nd (and 3rd etc.) lines. This way, players along a front all get to be involved. Our OOB reflects this change, so great care should be taken by those who wishing to use the OOB for study purposes.

Copyright 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 Ian Croxall
Salem, Oregon. USA